What are the Different Types of Depression?

Introduction of Depression

Almost all of us feel down once in a while but a good number of masses in the world are there who feel sad most of the time. It largely affects your daily life and it marks the true sign of clinical depression. Though there is nothing so serious to worry about, remember that it’s a condition where you need to know different types of depression while getting treatment with medicine, talking to a therapist, and changes to your lifestyle.

Different Types of Depression Disorders

There are different types of depression disorders that have their own reasons for occurrence in your life. Events in your life cause some, and chemical changes in your brain, others. Thus, it is very essential to know the types of depression you are suffering to have right medications indeed.

Major Depression

If you feel depressed continuously most of the time for almost more than two weeks then this is named as Major depression by the doctors.

Some other symptoms of this type of depression are – 

  • Loss of interest or enjoyment in your hobbies and other activities.
  • Weight loss or obese
  • Sleeping disorders 
  • Feeling annoyed, very sluggish and slowed down physically or mentally
  • Always feeling lethargic and without energy
  • Feeling useless or guilty
  • Trouble concentrating or making decisions
  • Suicidal Tendency

Persistent Depressive Disorder

In case, if you are suffering depression that lasts for two years or longer then this types of depression disorders is named as persistent depressive disorder. It can describe two conditions previously known as Dysthymia, low-grade persistent depression and chronic major depression.

Among many this different types of depression have symptoms such as:

  • Serious change in appetite 
  • Sleeping disorders
  • Loss of energy that lead to fatigue  
  • Feeling low confidence
  • Low concentration or making decisions
  • Feel discouraging

Your doctor will treat with right psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two.

Bipolar Disorder

Different types of depression widely include Bipolar Disorder which is also sometimes called Manic Depression. It has mood episodes that range from extremes of high energy with an “up” mood to low “depressive” periods.

Moreover, different types of depression disorder the symptoms of major depression when you are in a low phase. Thus, proper medication can help bring your mood swings under control. 

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Among different forms of depression the popular Seasonal Affective Disorder aka SAD is a period of major depression that most often happens during the winter months. It is because in the winter season the days grow short and you get less and less sunlight but it goes away in the spring and summer.

SAD can be treated with antidepressants. Also, this type of depression can be with light therapy for which you need to sit in front of a special bright light box for about 15-30 minutes each day.

Psychotic Depression

All types of depression extensively include Psychotic Depression. Those who suffer with this depression have the symptoms of major depression along with some “psychotic” symptoms, such as:

  • Hallucinations means seeing or hearing things that aren’t there.
  • Delusions mean false beliefs.
  • Paranoia means wrongly believing that others are trying to harm you.

Your doctor may provide you a combination of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs to treat this type of depression disorder.

Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression

Different types of depression are incomplete without discussing peripartum depression. This depression is seen in women who have major depression in the weeks and months after childbirth. 

Doctors will treat you with antidepressant drugs similarly to treating major depression that is unrelated to childbirth.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

More types of depression are in women and symptoms at the start of their period.

  • Mood Swings 
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Low concentration level
  • Fatigue
  • Change in appetite and sleeping habits
  • Felling beset

Antidepressant medication or sometimes oral contraceptives can provide to treat this different types of depression. 

Situational Depression

Different types of depression include Situational depression, not technical term in psychiatry. In such conditions you will have a depressed mood while facing troubles while managing a stressful event in your life, such as a death in your family, a divorce, or losing your job. 

Technically it is called “stress response syndrome” by doctors. Psychotherapy can often help you get through a period of depression that’s related to a stressful situation.

Atypical Depression

This different type of depression varied than the persistent sadness of typical depression. In this a positive event can temporarily improve your mood.

         Other symptoms of atypical depression include:

  • Increased appetite
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Feeling of heaviness in your arms and legs
  • Oversensitive to criticism

Your doctor may suggest antidepressants, a type called an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) as the first-line treatment.

Ultimately, whatever the cause of your depression may be but your first step is to let your doctor know your feelings. Your doctor will refer you to a specialist to help figure out the symptoms of depression you have. Thus, diagnosis is important in deciding the right treatment for you.